Industrial parts washers, automatic parts washers and parts cleaning cabinets are general terms for a broad family of mechanical equipment. The chemical solution used to clean parts, and the type of machine, can change depending on the application. Industrial parts washers are designed to quickly, thoroughly and efficiently clean tools, parts and equipment in a number of different industries. Different washer types succeed at cleaning parts in different ways; from ultrasonic cleaning cabinets to rotary drum parts washers, there is sure to be an industrial parts cleaning solution for your unique needs.
An industrial parts washer uses water- or solvent-based cleaning processes to remove contaminants from your mechanical parts, glass tubes, machined joints and other equipment. Reducing these contaminants and eliminating buildup from grease, oil and other liquids is paramount. Industrial parts washers can be used to extend the life of your equipment or sanitize it for use in sensitive production areas. They can also be part of routine maintenance to prevent faults. For these factors and more, industrial parts washers are vital components for today’s manufacturing, food processing and laboratory environments.
As we mentioned before, there are two prominent washer types. Divided by the solution used to clean parts, washer cabinets are broken down into two categories: aqueous-based and solvent-based industrial parts washers.
Aqueous solutions for industrial parts cleaning are water-based and biodegradable. Washer types and applications that use aqueous solutions tend to have sensitivities related to chemical contamination or residue left behind by cleansers and other solvents. Parts cleaning cabinets used in laboratories and research departments tend to be water-based to prevent adverse impacts caused by chemicals left in test tubes, beakers and other equipment.
Cleaning systems and industrial parts washers that use solvents are designed to handle some of the toughest, dirtiest jobs around. Chemical solvents are used to dissolve contaminants like dirt, grease, oil and petroleum that can build up on parts over time. Using solvents like benzene and mineral spirits, solvent-based parts washer cabinets handle the grime of heavy manufacturing, industrial processing equipment and tools. However, these washer types are less ideal for sensitive applications, such as food and beverage, where the end product will be consumed by people. Even the smallest amount of chemical residue could be dangerous if ingested.
Industrial parts cleaning comes in many shapes and sizes. With thousands of applications and millions of parts to clean, industrial parts washer types have to be versatile machines that can tackle a wide array of cleaning responsibilities. Automatic parts washers used in manufacturing can cover everything from precision aerospace components made of aluminum and stainless steel to plastic bins and pallets used to move sheet metal around the shop. Here are some of the primary examples of different types of washers.
Loaded by hand or through automation, industrial conveyor parts washers are single- or multi-stage automatic parts washers. The parts and equipment are placed into baskets or racks that are then moved along the conveyor through the cleaning stage(s). As continuous flow systems, industrial conveyor parts washers are intended to be loaded with parts requiring minimal human input. The parts are then dried and unloaded at the far end of the conveyor before being put back into circulation.
For companies with a high volume of small parts, rotary drum parts washers are ideal cleaning solutions. Combining high-pressure washing and agitation, rotary drum parts washers provide thorough, automated cleaning on difficult parts.
When available space is limited, carousel industrial parts washers can fit high-volume cleaning into a small footprint. Unlike conveyor washers, carousel industrial parts washers are loaded and unloaded from the same location. Parts travel through different cleaning stages on a central spindle, arriving back at the loading area ready to be replaced with new parts that need to be cleaned.
One of the more versatile designs, multi-purpose cabinet parts washers are efficient at cleaning a variety of low-volume loads. Cabinet parts washers are commonly used to clean dishes in the foodservice industry and testing equipment in laboratories. Parts are loaded into the cabinet, and the door is closed so heated water can be sprayed across the tools.
Typically combined with agitation or oscillating features, immersion parts washers are quite literal. Parts are submerged in the cleaning solution and contaminants are removed via turbulence. Immersion parts washers can involve a single cleaning chamber or multiple stages.
For heavy-duty cleaning applications that require removing difficult layers of oxidation, ultrasonic parts cleaning cabinets are ideal solutions. Parts are submerged in a cleaning solution that uses ultrasound to agitate the liquid and clean the parts.Using cavitation bubbles caused by ultrasonic frequencies, these parts cleaning cabinets can remove difficult contaminants such as rust and calcium buildup.
Tunnel part washers are similar to conveyor systems with more complicated multi-stage setups. Each section of the tunnel parts washer is responsible for one stage of the overall cleaning cycle. Designed with your specific applications, wash processes and productivity requirements, multi-stage tunnel parts washers can perform a number of cleaning functions from removing contaminants to rust prevention.
Get started on a new industrial parts washer from Niagara Systems. We have standard washer types available to cover most cleaning situations. Experts at developing custom industrial parts washers, Niagara Systems can create bespoke solutions for the most complicated cleaning problems. Contact us today to learn more about our different types of automatic parts washers.